ENFORCE
ENFORCE
EstimatioN oF mORtality risk in type2 diabetiC patiEnts (ENFORCE): an inexpensive, parsimonious and easy-to-use prediction model.
6-year all-cause mortality risk score in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

SINGLE Risk Score Calculation
Age (yrs)
Antihypertensive Tx (yes/no)
Insulin Tx (yes/no)
BMI (Kg/m2)
HDL (mg/dl)
LDL (mg/dl)
Triglyceride (mg/dl)
DBP (mmHg)
UACR (mg/mmol)

BMI = Body Mass Index; HDL = High Density Lipoprotein; LDL = Low Density Lipoprotein, DBP = Diastolic Blood Pressure; UACR = Urinary Albumin Creatinine Ratio.



References:

M. Copetti, H. Shah, A. Fontana, M.G. Scarale, C. Menzaghi, S. De Cosmo, A. Doria, V. Trischitta
EstimatioN oF mORtality risk in type2 diabetiC patiEnts (ENFORCE): an inexpensive, parsimonious and easy-to-use prediction model.
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2019 May 14. doi: 10.1210/jc.2019-00215.

S. De Cosmo, M. Copetti, O. Lamacchia, A. Fontana, M. Massa, E. Morini, A. Pacilli, S.Fariello, A. Palena, A. Rauseo, R. Viti, R. Di Paola, C. Menzaghi, M. Cignarelli, F. Pellegrini, V. Trischitta
Development and validation of a predicting model of all-cause mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
Diabetes Care. 2013 Sep;36(9):2830-5. doi: 10.2337/dc12-1906